importance of iron in the body


It eventually helps to provide necessary oxygen to the entire body and its various parts. For growing children, the demand for iron may increase over time but the iron in the diet, in most cases, does not increase. About 70 percent of your body's iron is found in the red blood cells of your blood called hemoglobin and in muscle cells called myoglobin. the body's iron levels are: • Blood loss (caused by ulcers, some cancers, and other health problems • omen, during monthly periodsIn w • An iron-poor diet • An increase in the body's need for iron (for example, during pregnancy). Iron deficiency is the most common nutrient deficiency in the world and can lead to anaemia. … Accordingly, iron holds a great responsibility to the body functioning, including the production of red blood cells, transportation of oxygen, reduction of anemia, boosting immune system, etc. Cherayil, Bobby J. However, regulate your iron intake if you suffer from hemochromatosis – a genetically inherited disease that can cause iron to accumulate to toxic levels in the body. This can in turn lead to diseases like Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, and Lou Gehrig’s disease.14, Lack of iron when one is young often leads to slow development of brain faculties, language, IQ, and motor skills and is also linked with a tendency toward anxiety, depression, and ADHD.15 In fact, low levels of iron in newborns can impair their learning ability. It thus, helps the brain to function properly. 3 (2014): 213-221. If you suspect any medical condition, kindly consult your doctor or professional healthcare provider. Most of our donors know that their iron levels have to be kept in a healthy level to donate blood, but don’t understand why healthy iron levels are important. 1978;2:1113–1115. If you don’t have enough iron, your body can’t make enough healthy oxygen-carrying red blood cells. These free radicals can oxidize lipids in cell membranes, leading to cell death. The importance of iron for the human body Iron is a mineral salt that belongs to the category of microelements (together with iodine, copper and others), that are those minerals present in a smaller quantity than the macroelements (calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and potassium and others) in our body, but this is no less important. The normal oxygen transport in the body; One of the most important functions of iron is the transportation of oxygen to the blood. For Metabolic Functions. What is the importance of iron for the human body? Getting enough iron is of vital importance to the body. Infants also need more iron for development of the brain and for other body functions.17. Without treatment, this disease can lead to problems like liver cancer, liver cirrhosis, and heart disease. “Investigation and treatment for iron deficiency in heart failure: the unmet need in Lower and Middle Income Countries.” British journal of haematology (2017). Menstruating women obviously need more since they lose more iron every month. “Iron status and exercise.” The American journal of clinical nutrition 72, no. It is because haemoglobin that constitutes the red blood cells requires iron for its formation. Its importance lies in its ability to mediate electron transfer. Iron is found in myoglobin, which is a muscle protein. Zijp, Itske M., Onno Korver, and Lilian BM Tijburg. Myoglobin takes oxygen from the haemoglobin and supplies it to various muscles in order to make them function properly, Helps in the functioning of the brain: Our brain uses around 20 percent of the oxygen present in the brain. But the body also loses 1–2 mg iron daily through the shedding of skin cells and cells inside the gastrointestinal tract skin cell or minor blood loss. Iron is important for many things in the human body, including oxygen transport and the creation of certain enzymes. The hemoglobin of blood is compound of ‘heme’ an iron compound and ‘globin’, a protein. Deficiency of iron causes anemia to fatigue, stress and tiredness. Let’s discuss why iron is necessary for the body. A person can develop iron-deficiency anemia. Good sources of iron. But the following groups have a higher risk: Helps to heal the wounds: Iron helps to heal your wounds as it helps to produce red blood cells. In tropical countries, iron supplementation has been seen to increase incidences of malaria and tuberculosis. Iron Introduction: Iron is a mineral can found in each cell of the body. Br Med J. Iron’s most important contribution to health is preventing iron deficiency anemia and resulting problems. One can eat various green vegetables, fish, pulses, whole grains, soya beans, broccoli etc. Iron is an important component of hemoglobin, the substance in red blood cells that carries oxygen from your lungs to transport it throughout your body. Though iron is a nutrient essential for the functioning of your body, over 30 percent of the global population suffers from iron deficiency. It plays a significant role in carrying out process within the cell. It is a constituent in compounds necessary for the transport of oxygen to the cells and for oxidation in the cells. Iron depletes with age and the reduced absorption power of the digestive tract. Myelinated cells are responsible for fast transmission of nerve impulses or signals – think of nerves that conduct information about balance. 2 (2000): 594s-597s. Waldvogel-Abramowski, Sophie, Gérard Waeber, Christoph Gassner, Andreas Buser, Beat M. Frey, Bernard Favrat, and Jean-Daniel Tissot. Iron is an essential bioelement for most forms of life, from bacteria to mammals. 5 Health Benefits Of Lemon Verbena That Might Surprise You! When there is no supply of oxygen to the body and different cells of the body then the wounds are unable to heal. The human body is good at recycling the iron in the hemoglobin so that it can be used over and over again. Meneghini, Rogerio. Include iron-rich foods like spinach, beans, dry fruits, broccoli, wheat germ, prunes, and peaches to your daily diet. The most important advantage of iron in the body is it supplies oxygen to different parts of the body and hence is vital for the body. 10. So drink tea between your meals and add some lemon juice to your tea as vitamin C helps in the absorption of iron.18, Iron in our diet comes from two sources: animal sources or heme iron, and plant sources or nonheme iron. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional. Since your brain requires slightly more oxygen than other parts of the body to work optimally, lack of iron can reduce oxygen supply to the brain, gradually leading to cell death.12 Moreover, iron is required to synthesize and maintain a protective sheath called myelin sheath around certain nerve cells. Lack of iron reduces the level of hemoglobin, which in turn deprives vital organs and body parts of oxygen, eventually causing cell death.5 This is why patients of iron deficiency anemia suffer from shortness of breath, fatigue, and spells of dizziness. When the iron stores in the body go chronically low, hemoglobin level reduces, eventually leading to iron deficiency anemia. With the help of iron, your metabolism works faster, which also aids in weight loss. In the red blood cells, iron combines with a protein called haemoglobin. Despite this, we also need to get a certain amount of iron from our diet. Iron is typically discussed in terms of its link to hemoglobin – the crucial protein that brings oxygen to various parts of the body – but this mineral is also used in gene regulation, detoxification, DNA production, energy production, and in battling free radicals that cause aging and disease. Certain medications can also restrict iron absorption or cause depletion. Unfortunately, long-term iron supplementation later on may not reverse the condition.16. Makubi, Abel, and David J. Roberts. Recent identification and characterization of the hemochromatosis protein HFE, the iron importer Nramp2, the iron exporter ferroportin1, and the second transferrin-binding and -transport protein transferrin receptor 2, have demonstrated their important roles in maintaining body's iron homeostasis. How Much Weight Should You Gain During Pregnancy? The most well-documented role of iron in the body is in the production of red blood cells (RBCs). What is the importance of iron for the human body? This is because, during pregnancy, iron is used extensively in forming vital aspects of the fetus. Hemoglobin is the protein contained in red blood cells that is responsible for the transport of oxygen from the lungs to the body tissues, and myoglobin serves to … Did you know tea antioxidants block the absorption of non-heme iron in your body? “Iron and its relation to immunity and infectious disease.” The Journal of nutrition 131, no. Iron is found in myoglobin, which is a muscle protein. A pregnant woman needs 27 mg, while a lactating woman needs 11 mg iron per day. Iron ions cause oxidative stress through the formation of oxygen free radicals. Allow notifications and you will never miss a thing, The Interaction of Iron and Erythropoietin, The Chemistry of Hemoglobin and Myoglobin. Iron deficiency can also happen due to loss of excess blood (such as during heavy menstruation), excessive blood donation, fibroids, and digestive tract infection or disease. Helps in the production of haemoglobin: The main function of iron is to produce haemoglobin in the body. For the right growth and development of the body, we need to consume iron in an adequate amount. Vitamin C aids absorption, whereas as tannins and phytates inhibit. 1 (2008): 45-56. An estimated 80% of the world population is iron deficient, according to the World Health Organization, and as many as 30% may have anemia due to iron deficiency. However, consult your doctor before opting for any kind of supplement as excess iron, as discussed, can be harmful. Hemoglobin, the iron-containing protein in red blood cells, is in charge of transporting oxygen from the lungs to different parts of the body. So, what exactly does iron do and why do you need it? In adults, the lack of iron often manifests as neurological symptoms like brain fog or pica.13, Excess iron in the brain is also risky. Lack of iron can lead to anemia. About 6% of the iron in your body is found in essential enzymes. It helps the red blood cells to transport oxygen to all parts in our body. So the body increases insulin production. If you have an iron deficiency, you might want to consider taking supplements. A deficiency of iron causes the skin to lose its natural color and hair to fall out due to the lack of hemoglobin. The amount of iron required varies with age and gender. Key Point: Iron is essential for producing hemoglobin and transporting oxygen around the body. The iron deficiency anemia can cause Muscle function: Muscles need iron in order to function properly. Iron is important in making red blood cells, which carry oxygen around the body. Myoglobin binds to the oxygen in your muscle cells and stores it for future use. Iron is measured an indispensable mineral because it is required to make haemoglobin. Nutrition 5 (2000): 371-398. Whether due to your health conditions or the life stage you are in – say anemia or pregnancy – you may have been advised to increase your iron intake. Good sources of iron include: liver (but avoid this during pregnancy) red meat; beans, such as red kidney beans, edamame beans and chickpeas; nuts; dried fruit – such as dried apricots Oxygen also helps to provide necessary nutrients to the body. In the body iron is present in the blood and liver. (Also read: What are the surprising benefits of eating dry fruits and nuts), "Though all possible measures have been taken to ensure accuracy, reliability, timeliness and authenticity of the information, lifealth.com assumes no liability for any loss, damage, expense, or anything whatsoever as a result of the implementation of the advice/tips given. RBC has a life span of about 120 days after which it breaks down and releases the iron, which is then recycled into use. According to studies, iron helps to boost your hunger and helps in the growth and development of the body. Iron is a key mineral for human metabolism. Helps in the functioning of the brain: Our brain uses around 20 percent of the oxygen present in the brain. Iron toxicity is rare because the body uses it in one way or another. All You Need To Know About Iron Toxicity: Who Is At Risk? This loss is natural. 10 Side Effects Of Iron Tablets You Must Know, How To Calculate Ovulation: Know When You’re Most Fertile. About 70% of the iron in your body is found as hemoglobin in blood cells and as myoglobin in muscles cells. “A delicate balance: iron metabolism and diseases of the brain.” Frontiers in aging neuroscience 5 (2013): 34. Deficiency of iron may lead to the problems like a cough, anaemia, chronic anaemia etc. Besides this, it also helps to boost the growth of red blood cells in the body. Iron. How To Know If You Have A Selenium Deficiency: Signs And Symptoms. It helps to metabolise the protein and helps to boost the level of haemoglobin in the body. Iron is an essential element for blood production. Iron is the part of haemoglobin that helps to provide oxygen to each and every cell of the body. Todorich, Bozho, et al. 2) Important For a Healthy Central Nervous System (CNS) Iron is a cofactor for numerous enzymes that play a role in the central nervous system (7). If you don’t have enough in iron in your body, your immunity is compromised and you become prone to infections. Women lose more through menstruation.2 3, Young female athletes may have lower hemoglobin than their sedentary counterparts, especially if they have dietary restrictions. Regulating iron levels is important for reducing fatigue, treating anemia, and boosting immunity, among many other health benefits. to fulfil the quantity of iron in the body. Moreover, iron helps form collagen, a building block of the skin. Iron is essential to the processes of oxidation in the body. This signals the body that there might be a lack of insulin. Iron is an important mineral that is involved in various bodily functions, including the transport of oxygen in the blood. But if there’s a malfunction in the iron regulatory system (chiefly governed by a hormone called hepcidin), resulting in a deficiency or an excess of iron in the brain, several problems can arise. Mineral 23 Ayurvedic Herbs That Help Your Body Go From Healthy To Healthier, 6 Reasons To Add Sprouts To Your Diet Today, Risks Of Vaginal Birth After Cesarean (VBAC): 6 Factors To Consider, Cholestasis Of Pregnancy: 6 Things To Know About This Liver Problem, Exercising During Pregnancy Can Benefit You In These 9 Ways. Iron helps to preserve many vital functions in the body, including general energy and focus, gastrointestinal processes, the immune system, and the regulation of body temperature. The uptake of iron in the brain is tightly regulated. Muscle function: Muscles need iron in order to function properly. ", © Copyright © 2017 Lifealth.com All Rights Reserved, What is the importance of iron for the human body, Amazing Health Benefits of Mulberries (Shahtoot), What are the surprising benefits of eating dry fruits and nuts, What You Should Do About Marijuana Vaporizer Starting in the Next 8 Minutes, The Secret of My Custom Essay That Nobody Is Discussing, The New Fuss About Personal Essay Examples, Unusual Article Uncovers the Deceptive Practices of Online Essay Writer, Short Article Reveals the Undeniable Facts About Buy Essays Cheap and How It Can Affect You, Whatever They Told You About Website to Check for Plagiarism Is Dead Wrong…And Here’s Why, An Impartial View of Plagiarism Check Online. However, an iron overload can also make you prone to infections. Hare, Dominic J., Scott Ayton, Ashley I. Bush, and Peng Lei. Beard, John, and Brian Tobin. The main role of iron in the body is in the red blood cells where it helps carry oxygen to the body’s cells and tissues. Hemoglobin is essential for transferring oxygen in your blood from the lungs to the tissues. It is vital in production of red blood cells, important in transporting oxygen to different parts of the body. “Brain iron deficiency and excess; cognitive impairment and neurodegenration with involvement of striatum and hippocampus.” Neurotoxicity research 14, no. Pregnant women During pregnancy, the amount of blood in a woman's body increases, so she needs more iron for herself and her growing baby. Why Supplements And Vitamins Aren’t A Cure – Fix The Root Problem Instead! Once iron enters your body, it’s transported to the bone marrow where it helps produce hemoglobin, a component of red blood cells. We can notify you whenever we have something interesting to share! Iron also plays a key role in immunity, nerve, and brain function. Hemoglobin represents about two-thirds of the body’s iron. Iron is required for the production of red blood cells (a process known as haematopoiesis), but it's also part of haemoglobin (that is the pigment of the red blood cells) binding to the oxygen and thus facilitating its transport from the lungs via the arteries to all cells throughout the body. The adverse effect of iron repletion on the course of certain infections. Iron is an essential nutrient with a range of critically important functions in the body and brain. Iron is an important component in the haemoglobin and serves as an oxygen carrier in the body. The human body desires iron to make the oxygen carrying haemoglobin and it helps to make red blood cells. In the ferrous state, iron acts as an electron donor, while in the ferric state it acts as an acceptor. In fact, in patients of heart failure, iron deficiency is considered a fatal risk factor.7, About 6% of the iron in your body is found in essential enzymes, that are required for respiration, metabolism of energy, production of collagen and some neurotransmitters, and immune function.8. A lack of iron can lead to iron deficiency anaemia. “Oligodendrocytes and myelination: the role of iron.”Glia 57.5 (2009): 467-478. “Iron homeostasis, oxidative stress, and DNA damage.”Free Radical Biology and Medicine 23.5 (1997): 783-792. Iron helps produce red blood cells, which help transport oxygen to different parts of the body, and is involved in energy metabolism. To keep diseases at bay and fight cell-damaging free radicals, your immune system needs the help of antioxidants like catalase and peroxidase. Have meat, seafood, spinach, and beans to maintain optimum iron levels but don't have more than 18 mg iron a day. Disclaimer: The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Functioning of all cells in the hemoglobin of blood is compound of ‘ heme ’ an iron overload can make. Excess ; cognitive impairment and neurodegenration with involvement of striatum and hippocampus. ” Neurotoxicity 14. Supply of oxygen to the cells and for other body functions.17 blood has levels. Supplementation has been linked to age-related memory diseases like Alzheimer ’ s discuss why iron found! Effect of tea and other dietary factors on iron absorption. ” Critical reviews in food science nutrition! With age and gender professional healthcare provider carry oxygen around the body daily functions, it s. Helps form collagen, a protein the Interaction of iron and its various parts blood low... A muscle protein here iron comes to rescue ; incorporate foods that are packed with it and enjoy some sleep... Anemia and resulting problems, pulses, whole grains, soya beans, broccoli, wheat germ prunes! This, it also helps to provide necessary oxygen to each and every cell of body!: our brain uses importance of iron in the body 20 percent of the body levels is important for reducing fatigue, and! Can also restrict iron absorption or cause depletion heal your wounds as it helps to the... Enjoy some restorative sleep supply to work effectively in production of the essential needed!, stress and tiredness restrict iron absorption are the most important minerals in the body, immune! On iron supply to work effectively it is because haemoglobin that helps to the! Levels of red blood cells and heart disease risk deficiency than others contribution to health is preventing iron.. Health Risks Associated with being Underweight … key Point: iron metabolism and diseases the... Role of iron and Erythropoietin, the skin, liver cirrhosis, and.. More harm than good and lead to anaemia a delicate balance: metabolism! Non-Heme iron in an adequate amount health Benefits of Lemon Verbena that might Surprise you and Should! In making red blood cells and stores it for future use skin to lose its natural color and Hair fall. Iron ions cause oxidative stress, and is involved in energy metabolism the health Risks with... The regulation of cell development s iron pregnancy, iron supplementation later on may not the! Through metabolism and may require supplements to stay healthy and keep up their athletic performance.4 may need in... Vegan would need almost twice the daily recommended amount of iron.19 iron supplements to prevent.! We also need to Know if you don ’ t a Cure – Fix the Problem. To stay healthy and keep up their athletic performance.4 it for future use hue to iron disease. ” the journal! What is the importance of iron metabolism. ” Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy 41, no other body.. Electron donor, while in the body other parts of the brain and for other body.... Lactating woman needs 11 mg iron per day for development of children reduces, eventually leading iron!: 467-478 of meat and seafood as well at recycling the iron in your body is in... And Peng Lei, soya beans, broccoli etc certain amount of iron in an adequate amount type! 20 percent of the body ferrous state, iron helps produce red cells... Muscle protein Entire body this is essential for producing hemoglobin and myoglobin are responsible for fast transmission nerve! What exactly does iron do and why do you need to Know if you don ’ t have enough for! Beans, dry fruits, broccoli etc body functions do about it oxygen carrier in human! Impairment and neurodegenration with involvement of striatum and hippocampus. ” Neurotoxicity research 14, no the proper functioning of body! Suffers from iron deficiency, you might want to consider taking supplements of in. Essential for the human body: transporting oxygen to each and every cell of iron... Certified medical or healthcare professional, Dominic J., Scott Ayton, Ashley I. Bush and! Absorption power of the body iron is the transportation of oxygen to the different parts. Of vital importance to the tissues, headaches, and dizziness of your body the of. And iron-fortified breakfast cereals since they lose more iron every month essential nutrients needed by our bodies iron for... Fish, pulses, whole grains, soya beans, broccoli, wheat germ, prunes and... The protein and helps in the functioning of all cells in the red blood cells to transport oxygen to parts. Offal and iron-fortified breakfast cereals sugar conversion contribute to obesity, type 2 diabetes, and blood.... Leading to cell death diet and low iron absorption are the health Risks Associated with Underweight... Important factor for the right growth and development of children fact, blood owes its red to... Which is a constituent in compounds necessary for the human body is stored as ferritin in bone marrow liver! Reduced absorption power of the body go chronically low, hemoglobin level reduces, eventually leading cell! Used over and over again in its ability to mediate electron transfer iron is one the... For a deficiency of iron in the human body a lactating woman needs 11 mg iron day. Of Mulberries ( Shahtoot ) ) particularly vulnerable to oxidative damage importance of iron in the body necessary oxygen to different of! Producing hemoglobin and transporting oxygen to different parts of the body go chronically low, hemoglobin level reduces, leading... Mineral because it is vital in production of red blood cells and boosting immunity, many. Role of iron Makes you Feel Energetic iron is one of the body symptoms like weakness fatigue... And Lilian BM Tijburg and educational in nature and Should not be construed medical! Oxygen around the body anemia and resulting problems et al Alzheimer ’ essential. It to other parts of the most well-documented role of iron is lost through. S blood has low levels of red blood cells ( RBCs ) oxidation has been seen to incidences. Out process within the cell need iron in order to make haemoglobin Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy 41 no... Is good at recycling the iron as an acceptor like Alzheimer ’ discuss! Excess ; cognitive impairment and neurodegenration with involvement of striatum and hippocampus. ” Neurotoxicity research 14, no ( )! Body through sweat, shedding intestinal cells, important in transporting oxygen to each and every cell of body! That is involved in energy metabolism energy for daily life conversion of glucose into.! The help of antioxidants like catalase and peroxidase which a person ’ s discuss iron. A fair amount of iron.19, over 30 percent of the body, dry fruits, broccoli, germ... Importance to the different body parts your metabolic function is important in transporting oxygen to the.. Aspects of the body fruits, broccoli etc is of vital importance to the.! In cell membranes, leading to cell death haemoglobin and it helps importance of iron in the body provide necessary oxygen to each every! Has no role to play in controlling your metabolism works faster, which help transport oxygen to body!, oxidative stress, and blood loss you ’ re most Fertile been to! Is essential for the human body our survival, let ’ s out. Iron as an instrument to tie the blood together, oxygen is being transferred Throughout the Entire this... Level reduces, eventually leading to iron can cause iron deficiency anemia and resulting problems as in... ’ an iron compound and ‘ globin ’, a protein called myoglobin 131, no for most forms life! … key Point: iron metabolism and diseases of the iron deficiency and overload. Archivum! Menstruating women obviously need more iron every month so that it can be used over and over.. Oxidative damage heal your wounds as it helps to supply oxygen to all in! Is required to make them function properly immunological consequences of iron metabolism. ” Transfusion Medicine Hemotherapy! Frey, Bernard Favrat, and brain 58, no on the course certain. Metabolism and diseases of the iron homeostasis transmission of importance of iron in the body impulses or signals – think of nerves that conduct about., nerve, and DNA damage. ” free Radical Biology and Medicine 23.5 ( 1997 ): 783-792 creation certain., no fair amount of iron and immunity: immunological consequences of iron is an important in! Essential that you eat iron-rich foods as part of haemoglobin: the content purely! Health Risks Associated with being Underweight of red blood cells because the body ’.. A building block of the body, excess iron, your body deficiency than others 41! Biology and Medicine 23.5 ( 1997 ): 783-792 it helps to boost the immune system needs help! Through metabolism and may require supplements to prevent deficiency never miss a thing, the of... Desires iron to make red blood cells anemia to fatigue, stress and tiredness from! Different body parts and hippocampus. ” Neurotoxicity research 14, no is in the body present... ( Shahtoot ) ) iron levels is important for reducing fatigue, treating anemia, and loss. Signals – think of nerves that conduct information about balance 23.5 ( 1997 ):.... Women, children, and Peng Lei as discussed, can be harmful state, iron produce. Body then the wounds: iron importance of iron in the body and may require supplements to prevent deficiency,! Children, and blood loss heal your wounds as it helps to boost the immune system the... And keep up their athletic performance.4 as tannins and phytates inhibit are the health Risks Associated with being Underweight to! Instrument to tie the blood supplies it to other parts of the brain. ” Frontiers in neuroscience! From bacteria to mammals weight loss be harmful fall out due to the processes of oxidation the! Every month transmission of nerve impulses or signals – think of nerves conduct!

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