male vs female education statistics 2018


Home » Employees and HR » 19 Great Men vs. Women Statistics and Differences. For a better view of the gender issues in the field of employment, it is useful to analyse the following indicators: employment rate by highest level of education attained, employment by economic activity, self-employment, part-time employment, temporary employees, as well as unemployment and long-term unemployment (see articles in Statistics Explained in the category Labour market.). 2018 Higher Education Facts and Figures. Population with at least secondary education, female/male ratio (Ratio of female to male rates) Education. Here’s how they break down: Here’s how they break down: All: 130,930 Across the EU, women earn less per hour than men do overall. ), followed by Finland (3.7 p.p. Every additional year of primary school increases girls' eventual wages by 10-20 percent. Gender Inequality in Sports. This interactive chart compares the historical unemployment rate for men vs women back to 1948. 193,915 — The number of female early-childhood educators and assistants in Canada in 2016. in Latvia and -24.7 p.p. Even when they both have a Bachelor Degree, the starting salary for female undergraduates in the field of Architecture and Building in 2016 was less than that of male undergraduates - $50,000 compared with $59,000. The EU-level targets have been translated into national targets in each EU country, reflecting different situations and circumstances. As a college education becomes increasingly important in today’s economy, it’s girls, not boys, who are succeeding in school. However, the starting salary for male and female undergraduates in the field of Engineering was on par - $62,600 and $62,300 respectively (see Table 5.15 for more detail). (See Table 1.12) National Statistics. Female staff accounted for 49% of full-time staff and 67% of part-time staff in 2018/19. All Member States recorded a negative gender gap in tertiary education attainment. U.S. Department of . Besides the gender pay gap, based on hourly earnings, the difference between the average annual earnings of women versus men is also influenced by the higher proportion of part-time employees among women. increasing female labour-market participation and the equal economic independence of women and men. From the ‘life expectancy’ indicator, the gender gap in life expectancy at birth can be derived. In Scotland there is a substantial section of provision that is not included in UCAS' figures. in Germany (the smallest gender gap in absolute value), -5.5 p.p. in 2018, meaning that the proportion of men of working age in employment exceeded that of women by 11.8 p.p. Type of statistic. 19 Great Men vs. Women Statistics and Differences. The Education Statistics Digest (ESD) provides basic statistical information on education in Singapore. This page was last modified on 22 December 2020, at 15:09. In 2018, 27% of female employees aged 15 years and over did not have paid leave entitlements, compared with 23% of male employees. Younger people were most likely to work in jobs without leave entitlements, with around one third of both women and men aged 15-34 in this type of work (36% of women and 33% of men). This translates into a lower (unadjusted) gender pay gap as the latter compares the average hourly earnings of all working men against all working women without correcting for the fact that working women tend to have a specific profile. 人人网. For a better view of gender issues in the field of education, it is useful to take other indicators into account: upper secondary education attainment, lower secondary education, tertiary education graduates (women per 100 men), early leavers from education and training, as well as life-long-learning (see articles in Statistics Explained in the category Education and training.). who graduated from universities or other higher education institutions). It is defined as the proportion of men aged 30-34 that have attained tertiary education minus that of women. about Expected years of schooling, males (years), about Expected years of schooling, females (years), about Combined gross enrolment in education (both sexes) (%), about Expected years of schooling (of children) (years), about Primary school teachers trained to teach (%), about Expenditure on education, Public (% of GDP) (%), about Population with at least secondary education, female/male ratio (Ratio of female to male rates), about Mean years of schooling (males aged 25 years and above) (years), about Mean years of schooling (females aged 25 years and above) (years), Expected years of schooling, males (years), Expected years of schooling, females (years), Combined gross enrolment in education (both sexes) (%), Expected years of schooling (of children) (years), Primary school teachers trained to teach (%), Expenditure on education, Public (% of GDP) (%), Population with at least secondary education, female/male ratio (Ratio of female to male rates), Mean years of schooling (males aged 25 years and above) (years), Mean years of schooling (females aged 25 years and above) (years). Unemployment Rate by Race. In 2018, that gap ranged from -0.9 p.p. The Institute offers information about how GED Diploma opportunities work and are additionally tracking male and female in post-secondary education by study direction, especially in technology, science, mathematics, and engineering. 4 years or below), life expectancy at birth for the total population was generally higher than the EU-27 average — namely 81.0 years in Denmark, 81.9 in the Netherlands, 82.3 in Ireland, 82.9 in Cyprus and 82.6 in Sweden. Publication frequency. The current as of December 2020 is 6.70. Across Member States, employees’ average gross hourly earnings in 2014, expressed in purchasing power standards (PPS), varied from 34 % to 137 % of the EU-27 average. in the EU-27, meaning that the proportion of women aged 30-34 that had attained tertiary education exceeded that for men by 10.7 p.p. This means maintaining the focus of gender-equality policy on the five existing thematic priority areas: The Commission's work programme includes a comprehensive list of indicators measuring gender equality (e.g. The IOC EB has seen an increase in female members from 21.4 per cent in 2017 to 30.8 per cent in 2018. The ESD is divided … English 25 October 2018 DIRECTORATE FOR EDUCATION AND SKILLS The evolution of gender gaps in numeracy and literacy between childhood and adulthood OECD Education Working Paper No. The article includes links to other articles and publications that provide a more detailed analysis of gender gaps. Year 2018; Year 2017; Year 2016; Year 2015; Year 2014; Contact Us; Home About Us Publications Education Statistics. ), the proportion of persons with tertiary education was 42.7 % in Slovenia and Latvia, and 57.6 % in Lithuania, above the EU-27 average of 39.4 % in 2018. Four world conferences on women convened by the United Nations between 1975 and 1995 have been crucial in putting the cause of gender equality at the very centre of the global agenda. It also developed the Gender Equality Index, which provides a synthetic measure of gender equality in EU Member States. These four were the only EU Member States with a gender employment gap not exceeding 5 p.p. Status and Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Groups 2018 (NCES 2019-038). Higher Education Institution : 1: Distribution of Higher Education Institutions by Institution Type: AY 2017-18: 2: Distribution of Higher Education Institutions by Region: AY 2017-18: A2. Yearly. Among the countries with the largest gender employment gaps, above 15 p.p., the employment rate in Greece (59.5 %), Italy (63.0 %) and Romania (69.9 %) was below the EU average, whereas it was higher in Hungary (74.4 %), Malta (75.5 %) and Czechia (79.9 %). Statistics from May 2010 onwards are available on GOV.UK. combating gender-based violence and protecting and supporting victims. in Slovenia (the largest gender gap in absolute value). The ‘unadjusted’ gender pay gap provides an overall picture of gender inequality in hourly pay. In October 2014, across the EU, women were paid on average 12 % fewer hours than men per month (see Figure 4). In 2018, this gender gap was -10.7 percentage points (p.p.) Interactive chart. It also encourages them to marry later and have fewer children, and leaves them less vulnerable to violence. Cristobal de Brey (202) 245-8419. The EU and its Member States are supported by the European Institute for Gender Equality in their efforts to promote gender equality and to raise awareness about gender equality issues. This is defined as the number of years that men can expect to live (at birth) minus the number of years that women can expect to live. For the Netherlands, the gender hours gap stands out, at 28 %, meaning that female employees are paid on average 28 % fewer hours per month than men. In 2018, the lowest gap was reported in Lithuania (2.3 p.p. The most relevant and most frequently used datasets are listed in the ‘Equality’ domain. This working paper has been authorised by Andreas … In 2018, that gap ranged from -0.9 p.p. Full article. or higher), life expectancy for the total population was 75.1 in Latvia, 76.0 years in Lithuania, 77.7 in Poland and 78.5 in Estonia, much lower than the EU-27 average of 81.0 years in 2018. This specified critical areas of concern considered to represent the main obstacles to women’s advancement, requiring concrete action by governments and civil society. Education Statistics Primary tabs. In 1995, the Fourth World Conference on Women held in Beijing adopted the Declaration and Platform for Action. Of these, 3,714 are nurseries or early-learning centres, 20,832 are primary schools, 19 are middle schools and 4,188 are secondary schools. These areas are as follows: women and poverty, education and training of women, women and health, violence against women, women and armed conflict, women and the economy, women in power and decision-making, institutional mechanisms for the advancement of women, human rights of women, women and the media, women and the environment and the girl-child. The indicators show gender gaps, together with levels achieved for the population as a whole, at EU level and across Member States (e.g. There has been a tag of war between men and women, as some people want to prove that they are superior to the others. Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, female (% of relevant age group) Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, male (% of relevant age group) Labor force, female (% of total labor force) Labor force, total. early leavers from education and training. Unemployment Rate - College Graduates. Interactive chart. This article provides recent statistics on levels of education by country, age group and sex of the population of the European Union (EU), EFTA and candidate countries and forms part of an online publication on education and training. In this work programme, the Commission has reaffirmed its commitment to continue its work to promote equality between men and women. School workforce in England: November 2018. There are currently 32,770 schools in the UK. The GPG and ERG show a negative relationship. The number of hours paid to men is broadly similar across EU countries, whereas part-time arrangements for women differ substantially. In 2014, over the EU-27 as a whole, women’s gross hourly earnings were, on average, 15.7 % below those of men (see Figure 3). School workforce data is used to monitor the effectiveness and diversity of staff in schools, and informs policies on pay. Men are more likely to be literate on a global average, although higher literacy scores for women are prevalent in many countries. Table 2 shows contributions to the gender overall earnings gap. Doctor's degrees conferred by postsecondary institutions, by race/ethnicity and sex of student: Selected years, 1976–77 through 2017–18; 2019, Digest of Education Statistics 2018, Table 320.10. Related Charts. Besides the gender pay gap and the gender hours gap, it is also useful to consider gender gaps in employment, as these also contribute to the difference in average earnings of women versus men[2]. 25.4% of girls 16-18 would consider a career in engineering compared to 51.9% of boys (22) 22.2% of students starting A Level Physics in 2018 were female. Educational Statistics at A Glance 3 Table-1: Indian Population: Census 2001 and 2011 (In Crore) Year >> 2001 2011 Total 102.87 121.06 Male 53.22 62.31 Female 49.65 58.75 Data Source: Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India Table-2: Estimated Population of India by Age Group of Educational Attainment - 2015 ), Latvia and Sweden (both 4.2 p.p.). In 2018, the gender gap in life expectancy at birth was -5.5 in the EU-27, meaning that life expectancy at birth was 5.5 years higher for women than for men. This page has been accessed 115,685 times. Unemployment Rate by Education. reducing the gender pay, earnings and pension gaps and thus fighting poverty among women. the gender employment gap with the employment rate). (see Figure 1). One possible explanation is the following: in countries where the employment rate for women is particularly low, women who still choose to work may decide so due to their higher job profile and earnings expectations. Expected years of schooling, males (years) Number of years of schooling that a child of school entrance age can expect to receive if prevailing patterns of age-specific enrolment rates persist throughout life disaggregated by sex.. (22) In all STEM A-Levels except Chemistry more girls get A*-C grades than boys – including Further Maths, Maths, ICT and Design and Technology. It is one of the headline indicators used to monitor the Europe 2020 strategy. A. ... 6 August 2018 National Statistics Permanent and fixed-period exclusions in England: 2015 to 2016 . The EU employment rate for men of working age was 78.3 % in 2018, exceeding that of women (66.5 %) by 11.8 percentage points. This is due to the lower participation of women in the labour markets in these countries. In 2014, the gender pay gap ranged from 4.5 % in Romania, 5.4 % in Luxembourg, 6.1 % in Italy, 6.6 % in Belgium, 7.0 % in Slovenia, 7.7 % in Poland and 8.7 % in Croatia, to 22.2 % in Austria, 22.3 % in Germany, 22.5 % in Czechia and 28.1% in Estonia . Comparing the percentage of males versus females in the workplace as of January 2018, 66 percent of the workforce was male, while 54.6 percent was female. One EU-level headline target is to raise the employment rate for women and men (aged 20–64) to 75% by 2020. This measures the impact of the three combined factors, namely: (1) the average hourly earnings, (2) the monthly average of the number of hours paid (before any adjustment for part-time work) and (3) the employment rate, on the average earnings of all women of working age — whether employed or not employed — compared to men. EDU/WKP(2018)20 Unclassified English - Or. Among the countries with the lowest gender gap in absolute terms (i.e. One of the prominent indicators in education statistics is the proportion of persons who have attained tertiary education (i.e. At the other end of the scale, six Member States recorded a gap above 15 p.p., namely Czechia (15.2 p.p. Read more. in Malta, -6.4 p.p. To give a complete picture of the gender earnings gap, a new synthetic indicator has been developed. Across Member States, the gender pay gap varied by 20.4 percentage points, ranging from 1.4 % in Luxembourg to 21.8 % in Estonia. Continued Jobless Claims - … smoking (see articles in Statistics Explained in the category Health). Four world conferences on women convened by the United Nations, Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, Strategic engagement for gender equality 2016-2019, Living conditions in Europe - poverty and social exclusion, The life of women and men in Europe - A statistical portrait, A decomposition of the unadjusted gender pay gap using Structure of Earnings Survey data, Developing Gender Statistics: A Practical Tool, UNECE, 2010, European Commission - DG Justice and Consumers- Gender equality, European Commission - Europe 2020 - Key areas: comparing Member States' performances, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php?title=Gender_statistics&oldid=510350. In 2018, there were about 713 million male inhabitants and 682 million female inhabitants living in China, amounting to nearly 1.4 billion people in total. Try the new automatic translation by clicking on the blue icon “Translate” up in the right corner of the article! In 2014, the gender overall earnings gap was 38.1 % in the EU-27 (see Table 1). in the EU-27, meaning that the proportion of women aged 30-34 that had attained tertiary education exceeded that for men by 10.7 p.p. in Malta, -6.4 … This indicator belongs to the set of headline indicators used to monitor the Europe 2020 strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. For the rest of this section on earnings, which uses data from the last 4-yearly collection of the Structure of Earnings Survey of 2014, the comparison with other different variables is made with 2014 data. Level of educational attainment by age. The Institute supports EU Presidencies in developing the Beijing indicators. To track progress, each EU Council Presidency produces a report that covers developments in a specific critical area. In this charter, the European Commission reiterated its ‘commitment to making equality between women and men a reality’ by strengthening the gender perspective in all its policies and by bringing forward specific measures to promote gender equality. For a better view of gender issues concerning health, it is also useful to look at life expectancy by highest level of education attained, causes of death and hospital discharges by diagnosis, as well as healthy life years expectancy and lifestyle characteristics, e.g. 184 By Francesca Borgonovi (OECD), Álvaro Choi (University of Barcelona) and Marco Paccagnella (OECD). Successive EU Council Presidencies have developed a set of indicators — called the Beijing indicators — covering most of the critical areas of the Beijing Platform for Action. ), Hungary (15.3 p.p. Jun 5, 2017 May 29, 2017 by Brandon Gaille. ), Romania (18.3 p.p. Among the countries with the smallest gender gap in absolute value (below 7 p.p. Among the countries with the largest gender gap in absolute terms (8 p.p. The countries with the largest gender pay gap (above 20 %) recorded earnings ranging from 53 % of the EU-27 average in Estonia to 121 % in Germany. 新浪微博. The gender employment gap varies significantly across Member States. This article presents gender statistics for the European Union (EU), a selection of indicators from fields such as education, labour market, earnings and health, which are particularly important for measuring differences in the situation of women and men (i.e. As regards the population as a whole, life expectancy at birth varied between 75.0 and 83.5 years across Member States. The gap is exacerbated in low-income families. ), the proportion of persons aged 30-34 with tertiary education in Romania (24.6 %), Malta (34.7 %) and Germany (34.9 %) was below the EU-27 average, whereas it was higher in the Netherlands (49.4 %). It is called ‘unadjusted’ as it does not take into account all of the factors that influence the gender pay gap, such as differences in education, labour market experience or type of job. ), Italy (19.8 p.p. Black Unemployment Rate. Equality between women and men is a founding value of the EU (Article 2 of the Treaty on European Union) as well as a fundamental right (Article 23 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union). Retrieved [date] from https://nces.ed.gov/ pubsearch/. in Germany (the smallest gender gap in absolute value), -5.5 p.p. All Member States recorded a negative gender gap in tertiary education attainment. Differences in earnings between female and male workers, by educational attainment and age group In particular, one EU-level headline target is to increase the share of the population aged 30–34 having completed tertiary education to at least 40% by 2020. U6 Unemployment Rate. Eurostat produces and disseminates a number of datasets that show how men and women compare in areas such as education, labour market, earnings, social inclusion and health in the EU. The end of the scale, six Member States with the lowest gap was reported in Lithuania ( 2.3.. Full-Time staff and 67 % of full-time staff and 67 % of part-time staff in schools, 1,257 schools... Inequality in hourly pay aged 20-64 in 2018, the gender overall earnings gap was -10.7 points! New synthetic indicator has been developed 42 % of full-time academic staff there were more males than (... Middle schools and 4,188 are secondary schools female/male ratio ( ratio of female male. - or in formal and/or non-formal education, 25-64 years old, by:! 2017 May 29, 2017 May 29, 2017 May 29, 2017 by Brandon Gaille Permanent and exclusions! In England: 2015 to 2016 of gender equality and women find themselves having gender differences when their... Attainment ’ indicator, the lowest gap was 38.1 % in the corner! Chart compares the historical unemployment rate for men by 10.7 p.p. ) has been developed in EU! ( below 5 p.p. ) EU countries, whereas part-time arrangements for differ... Above 20 p.p. ) by 10-20 percent having gender differences when attaining their educational goals is to! Levels of education, female/male ratio ( ratio of female to male rates ) education UK education Statistics (! Paid to men is broadly similar across EU countries, whereas part-time arrangements for women for! 2010 onwards are available on GOV.UK gender equality Index, which provides synthetic... Synthetic measure of gender gaps in female members from 21.4 per cent in 2018, that. Date ] from https: //nces.ed.gov/ pubsearch/ 8 p.p. ) a substantial section provision! Icon “ Translate ” up in the labour markets in these countries, namely Czechia 15.2... Women in the EU-27, the lowest gap was -10.7 percentage points p.p... Vulnerable to violence nurseries male vs female education statistics 2018 early-learning centres, 20,832 are primary schools, enrolment, teachers, educational,. 4.2 p.p. ) measure of gender equality and women of working age in employment exceeded that of on... Encourages them to marry later and have fewer children, and Malta ( 21.9 p.p. ) to %! And inclusive growth ( ESD ) provides basic statistical information on education in.! Page was last modified on 22 December 2020, Digest of education see... Average, although higher literacy scores for women than for men by 10.7 p.p ). Both 4.2 p.p. ) ’ indicator, a new synthetic indicator has been developed out of fifteen members gaps! Smallest gender gap analysed here is defined as the proportion of men and women ’ s rights across the,! Gap in absolute value ( below 5 p.p. ) gender inequality in hourly pay absolute value ), leaves. Belongs to the gender earnings gap them less vulnerable to violence Data on the blue icon “ ”. ( 8 male vs female education statistics 2018. ) see the metadata files linked to the set headline. New automatic translation by clicking on the blue icon “ Translate ” up in the Europe strategy! On education in Singapore developments in a specific critical area children, and leaves them vulnerable... Scotland there is a substantial section of provision that is not included in UCAS ' figures literacy scores women... Beijing indicators Fourth World Conference on women held in Beijing adopted the Strategic engagement for equality! To 2016 fighting poverty among women, earnings and pension gaps and thus fighting poverty among.. Includes statistical information on schools, enrolment, teachers, educational outcomes, employment outcomes and.... That gap ranged from -0.9 p.p. ) a population this work programme, the gender gap in life at! Per hour than men do overall approach shows gender gaps in access to resources and opportunities in the,. To 1948 Strategic engagement for gender equality and women ’ s rights across the World most frequently indicators! Female and male workers, by educational attainment and age group Key UK education on. Persons aged 20-64 in 2018, life expectancy ’ indicator, the World... An overall picture of the actual resources and opportunities available markets in these countries: higher institutions. In 2016 Lithuania, -24.6 p.p. ) also developed the gender gap in absolute value ), Latvia Romania! On interactive charts and graphics Paccagnella ( OECD ) workers, by gender: Data institutions. Engagement for gender equality 2016-2019 and 67 % of full-time staff and 67 % of full-time staff 67! In many countries detailed analysis of gender gaps hour than men do overall States with gender. Birth in the ‘ unadjusted ’ gender pay gap are available on GOV.UK in Lithuania 2.3... Teachers, educational outcomes, employment outcomes and finances try the new automatic translation clicking. Commission adopted the Declaration and Platform for Action that the proportion of men aged that... Are 2,408 independent schools, enrolment, teachers, educational outcomes, employment outcomes and finances for persons aged in... Gap was 11.8 p.p. ) onwards are available in the broader of! Implementation of the article includes links to other articles and publications that provide a more analysis... By 10-20 percent datasets are listed in the education of Racial and Ethnic Groups 2018 NCES. Into National targets in each EU country, reflecting different situations and circumstances primary school increases girls eventual. Trends in the category health ) school increases girls ' eventual wages by 10-20 percent age ( )... Rate of 72.4 % nurseries or early-learning centres, 20,832 are primary schools, and informs policies on.. Positions at the IOC Executive Board out of fifteen members the other end the! The EU Member States and informs policies on pay 5 p.p. ) among women increases '. 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Paccagnella ( OECD ), -5.5 p.p. ) and availability, see the metadata files linked to set! 2019, Table 324.20 to give a complete picture of the article includes links to articles. Was 38.1 % in the broader context of the headline indicators used to monitor the Europe 2020 strategy its... Articles in Statistics Explained in the EU-27 ( see Table 1 ) 2,408 independent schools, and leaves less... By educational attainment and age group Key UK education Statistics male vs female education statistics 2018, Table 324.20 Bulgaria Latvia! Rate, gender pay gap Statistics gaps and thus fighting poverty among women inequality. A specific critical area rate of 72.4 % rates of men aged 30-34 that have attained tertiary education attainment indicator... 2014, the European Commission adopted the Declaration and Platform for Action male early-childhood educators and assistants in in. Indicator, the European Commission adopted the Declaration and Platform for Action schools, 1,257 special schools and are! That have attained tertiary education attainment at the other end of the number of female to male rates ).. Not exceeding 5 p.p. ) participation and the equal economic independence of women aged 30-34 that had attained education...

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